A Late Latin word dating from 1611 praecognition meaning to know beforehand. "clairvoyance relating to an event or state not yet experienced."
Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke University
Joseph Banks Rhine and Louisa Rhine began the next significant systematic research of precognition in the 1930s at the Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke University. Rhine used card-guessing experiments in which the participant was asked to record his guess of the order of a card deck before the deck was shuffled.
British Premonitions Bureau
London psychiatrist J. A. Barker established the British Premonitions Bureau in 1967, which collected precognitive data in order to provide an early warning system of impending disasters. Barker succeeded in finding a number of "human seismographs" who tuned in regularly to disasters, but were unable to accurately pinpoint the times.
Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Lab
The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Lab is one of the more recent examples of attempts to study precognition, it began in 1979 with precognitive experiments have since been done in a variety of formats by various parapsychologists, for example by the remote viewing researchers. In 1979, a small laboratory at Princeton University was created called The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Laboratory, or PEAR. The laboratory has conducted studies on extrasensory perception and the basement of the university’s engineering building since 1979. Headedby Dr. Jahn, one of the world’s foremost experts on jet propulsion developed random-motion machines. The PEAR team concluded that people could alter the behavior of these machines very slightly, changing about 2 or 3 flips out of 10,000. 
Brenda Dunne, a developmental psychologist, has managed the laboratory since it opened and has been a co-author of many of its study papers. Several expert panels examined PEAR’s methods over the years, looking for irregularities, but did not find sufficient reasons to interrupt the work. In the 1980s and 1990s, PEAR published more than 60 research reports, most appearing in the journal of the Society for Scientific Exploration, a group devoted to the study of topics outside the scientific mainstream. Dr. Jahn and Ms. Dunne are officers in the society.
In Febuary 2014, The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research laboratory, or PEAR, closed.
 Berger, Arthur S.; Berger, Joyce (1991). The Encyclopedia of Parapsychology and Psychical Research. Paragon House Publishers. ISBN 1557780439.
 Odling-Smee, Lucy (2014-03-01). "The lab that asked the wrong questions". Nature 446 (446): 10-11. doi:10.1038/446010a. Retrieved on 2014-06-29.
   Benedict Carey. "A Princeton Lab on ESP Plans to Close Its Doors" The New York Times. Published: February 10, 2009