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each of sulphuric ether and aqua ammonia, apply with a sponge or tooth-brush,
rub smartly, rinse cut with clear rain water. This is equally good to renovate
any cloth with fast color.--Dr. J. W. Fields.
BLACK FOR WOOLENS. --One ounce vitriol, one ounce extract logwood to two pounds
goods; color in iron. Dissolve the extract over night in warm water; pulverize
the vitriol, put it into boiling water sufficient to cover the goods; wash the
goods well, rinse in warm water, then simmer a few minutes in vitrol water; take
out, wash thoroughly in clear water, then dip in boiling logwood dye till the
color is good, stirring often and lifting up so it will get the air; dry, then
wash in a suds and rinse.
In renovating black alpaca that has become rusty, dissolve the logwood only, as
nothing is needed to set the color. Wash the goods well in suds, rinse, dip in
logwood dye, boil a few minutes, stirring and lifting to air. When dry, wash
again in suds and rinse in water in which a little gum arabic has been
dissolved, and press smoothly on the wrong side while damp. Dyed in this way the
color will not rub off more than from new goods, and looks as good as new.When
extract of logwood is used, it is only needful to boil enough to dissolve before
putting in the goods.
COLORING.--In coloring always use plenty of water, never crowd the goods, taking
care that they float in the liquid. In rinsing always use plenty of clear water,
and in preparing goods for coloring, clean off all dirt and grease spots. To
test color of dye, pour it from a dish held high, and look through it to the
light. A pound of extract of logwood is equal to four pounds of logwood chips.
Fustic should be boiled in a sack of open texture; the other ingredients are put
into the water. All black goods should be washed in soap-suds after coloring.
To color Woolen fine Claret. --Boil thirteen pounds of goods two hours with
seven pounds of camwood, one-tenth pound logwood, and one-fourth pound of
copperas to darken.
To color Woolen Russian-brown. --For thirteen pounds goods, boil two pounds
fustic and four pounds camwood an hour, and if too light color add one-tenth
each copperas and alum, to darken.
To color Woolen Bottle-green. --Boil ten pounds woolen with one-tenth pound
chrome, one-fifth pound alum; take out, put in a vessel of clean water three
pounds fustic and one and a half pounds logwood, and boil another hour.
To color Woolen Black. --For twenty-five pounds of goods, boil goods in a
solution of five-eighths pounds each bichromate of potash and blue vitriol, and
one-half pound argol, one hour, take out, refill kettle with clean water, and
add three pounds dissolved extract of logwood; put in goods and simmer one hour
and a half; take out, rinse, scour with soap, and dry. This makes a blue-black.
To make a jet black, add three pounds fustic with the logwood.
To color Cotton Blue. --Put ten pounds cotton, two and a half pounds copperas,
in fifteen to twenty gallows water, and boil two hours; after boiling, take out,
rinse in clear water, refill kettle with water, and add one-half pound prussiate
of potash. Boil goods in this half an hour, lift out goods and slowly add
one-half pound oil of vitriol; return goods, and boil half an hour. Rinse in
clear water and dry.
To color Cotton Green. --Add eight pounds fustic and one-half pound alum to the
blue mixture of the preceding rule, put in goods and simmer until the required
shade of green is obtained.
To color Cotton Chrome-yellow. --For fifteen pounds cotton goods or yarns
dissolve eight ounces of white sugar of lead in one tub, and eight ounces of
chrome in another. Put goods first in with sugar of lead, wring out good
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