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few drops of oil of vitriol to the rinse-water; if the color is bright scarlet,
add to the rinse-water a few drops of the muriate of tin.
TO TAKE OUT PAINT.--Equal parts of ammonia and spirits of turpentine will take
paint out of clothing, no matter how dry or hard it may be. Saturate the spot
two or three times and then wash out in soap-suds.
TO REMOVE INK-STAIN.--Immediately saturate with milk, soak it up with a rag,
apply more, rub well, and in a few minutes the ink will disappear.
TO TAKE GREASE OUT OF SILKS, WOOLENS, PAPER, FLOORS, ETC.--Grate thick over the
spot French (or common will do) chalk, cover with brown paper, set on it a hot
flatiron, and let it remain until cool; repeat if necessary. The iron must not
be so hot as to burn paper or cloth.
SUBSTITUTE FOR WASHING-SODA.--A German scientific journal recommends laundresses
to use hyposulphite of soda in place of common washing-soda. It does not attack
the fabric in any way, and at the same time exerts some bleaching actions which
greatly improve the appearance of linen and calicoes.
FRUIT-STAINS.--Colored cottons or woolens stained with wine or fruit should be
wet in alcohol and ammonia, then sponged off gently (not rubbed) with alcohol;
after that, if the material will warrant it, washed in tepid soap-suds. Silks
may be wet with this preparation when injured by these stains.
TO WASH WOOLEN GOODS.--Many woolen goods, such as light-colored, heavy sacques,
nubias, etc., may be washed in cold suds and rinsed in cold water. The garments
should be well shaken out and pulled into shape.
In ironing woolen goods, especially pants, vests, etc., it is well to let them
get dried, then spread them out on an ironing-board (not on a table), wring a
cloth out of clear water and lay over the article, then iron with a hot iron
till dry; wet the cloth again and spread it just above the part already ironed,
but let it come a half inch or so on that which has been pressed, so that there
will be no line to mark where the cloth was moved; conitnue this till the whole
garment has been thoroughly pressed. Woolen garments thus ironed will look like
new; but in doing this care must be exercised that every spot that looks at all
"fulled" or shrunk should be stretched while being pressed under the wet cloth.
Bring the outside to fit the linings, as when new, but if not quite able to do
this rip the lining and trim off to match. All the seams, especially on pants,
must be first pressed on a "press board," then fold the pants as they are found
in the tailor's shop, and go over them with the wet cloth and hot iron.
TO REMOVE THE COLOR FROM BUFF CALICO.--If some kinds of buff calico be dipped in
strong soda water, the color will be removed and the figures of other colors
remain on a white ground. This is valuable sometimes, as buff calico spots
easily. If pink calico be dipped in vinegar and water after rinsing, the color
will be brighter.
TO REMOVE IRON-RUST.--While rinsing clothes, take such as have spots of rust,
wring out, dip a wet finger in oxalic acid, and rub on the spot, then dip in
salt and rub on, and hold on a warm flatiron, or on the tin or copper tea-kettle
if it have hot water in it, and the spot will immediately disappear; rinse
again, rubbing the place a little with the hands.
TO REMOVE THE STAIN OF NITRATE OF SILVER--From the flesh, or white goods of any
kind, dissolve iodine in alcohol, and apply to the stain; then take a piece of
cyanide potassium, size of hickory-nut, wet in water, rub on the spot, and the
stain will immediately disappear; then wash the goods or hands in cold
water.--G. W. Collins, Urbana.
ERASIVE FLUID. --For the removal of spots on furniture, cloth, silks, and
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